Product details

Common mode voltage (Max) (V) 40 Common mode voltage (Min) (V) -0.2 Input offset (+/-) (Max) (uV) 50 Input offset drift (+/-) (Typ) (uV/C) 0.05 Gain (V/V) 100, 200, 25, 50, 500 Gain error (%) 0.9 Gain error drift (+/-) (Max) (ppm/°C) 10 CMRR (Min) (dB) 120 Bandwidth (kHz) 45, 37, 35, 32, 27 Supply voltage (Max) (V) 5.5 Supply voltage (Min) (V) 1.7 Iq (Max) (mA) 0.09 Number of channels (#) 1 Comparators (#) 0 Features Bi-directional, High precision, Low-side Capable Rating Automotive TI functional safety category Functional Safety-Capable Operating temperature range (C) -40 to 125
Common mode voltage (Max) (V) 40 Common mode voltage (Min) (V) -0.2 Input offset (+/-) (Max) (uV) 50 Input offset drift (+/-) (Typ) (uV/C) 0.05 Gain (V/V) 100, 200, 25, 50, 500 Gain error (%) 0.9 Gain error drift (+/-) (Max) (ppm/°C) 10 CMRR (Min) (dB) 120 Bandwidth (kHz) 45, 37, 35, 32, 27 Supply voltage (Max) (V) 5.5 Supply voltage (Min) (V) 1.7 Iq (Max) (mA) 0.09 Number of channels (#) 1 Comparators (#) 0 Features Bi-directional, High precision, Low-side Capable Rating Automotive TI functional safety category Functional Safety-Capable Operating temperature range (C) -40 to 125
SOT-23 (DBV) 5 5 mm² 2.9 x 1.6 SOT-23-THN (DDF) 8 8 mm² 2.9 x 2.8 SOT-SC70 (DCK) 6 4 mm² 2 x 2.1
  • AEC-Q100 qualified for automotive applications:
    • Temperature grade 1: –40°C to +125°C, TA
  • Functional Safety-Capable
  • Wide common-mode voltage range, VCM: –0.2 V to +40 V with survivability up to 42 V (recommended for automotive 12-V battery applications)
  • Low input bias currents, IIB: 500 pA (typical)
  • Low power:
    • Low supply voltage, VS: 1.7 V to 5.5 V
    • Low quiescent current, IQ: 48 µA (typical)
  • Accuracy:
    • Common-mode rejection ratio: 120 dB (minimum)
    • Gain error, EG: ±1% (maximum)
    • Gain drift: 10 ppm/°C (maximum)
    • Offset voltage, VOS: ±50 µV (maximum)
    • Offset drift: 0.5 µV/°C (maximum)
  • Bidirectional current sensing capability
  • Gain options:
    • INA186A1-Q1: 25 V/V
    • INA186A2-Q1: 50 V/V
    • INA186A3-Q1: 100 V/V
    • INA186A4-Q1: 200 V/V
    • INA186A5-Q1: 500 V/V
  • AEC-Q100 qualified for automotive applications:
    • Temperature grade 1: –40°C to +125°C, TA
  • Functional Safety-Capable
  • Wide common-mode voltage range, VCM: –0.2 V to +40 V with survivability up to 42 V (recommended for automotive 12-V battery applications)
  • Low input bias currents, IIB: 500 pA (typical)
  • Low power:
    • Low supply voltage, VS: 1.7 V to 5.5 V
    • Low quiescent current, IQ: 48 µA (typical)
  • Accuracy:
    • Common-mode rejection ratio: 120 dB (minimum)
    • Gain error, EG: ±1% (maximum)
    • Gain drift: 10 ppm/°C (maximum)
    • Offset voltage, VOS: ±50 µV (maximum)
    • Offset drift: 0.5 µV/°C (maximum)
  • Bidirectional current sensing capability
  • Gain options:
    • INA186A1-Q1: 25 V/V
    • INA186A2-Q1: 50 V/V
    • INA186A3-Q1: 100 V/V
    • INA186A4-Q1: 200 V/V
    • INA186A5-Q1: 500 V/V

The INA186-Q1 is an automotive, low-power, voltage-output, current-sense amplifier (also called a current-shunt monitor). This device is commonly used for monitoring systems directly connected to an automotive 12-V battery. The INA186-Q1 can sense drops across shunts at common-mode voltages from –0.2 V to +40 V, independent of the supply voltage. In addition, the input pins have an absolute maximum voltage of 42V.

The low input bias current of the INA186-Q1 permits the use of larger current-sense resistors, thus providing accurate current measurements in the microamp range. The low offset voltage of the zero-drift architecture extends the dynamic range of the current measurement. This feature allows for smaller sense resistors with lower power loss, while still providing accurate current measurements.

The INA186-Q1 operates from a single 1.7-V to 5.5-V power supply, and draws a maximum of 90 µA of supply current . Five fixed gain options are available: 25 V/V, 50 V/V, 100 V/V, 200 V/V, or 500 V/V. The device is specified over the operating temperature range of –40°C to +125°C, and offered in SC70, SOT-23 (5), and SOT-23 (8) packages. The SC70 and SOT-23 (DDF) packages supports bidirectional current measurement, whereas the SOT-23 (DBV) only supports current measurement in one direction.

The INA186-Q1 is an automotive, low-power, voltage-output, current-sense amplifier (also called a current-shunt monitor). This device is commonly used for monitoring systems directly connected to an automotive 12-V battery. The INA186-Q1 can sense drops across shunts at common-mode voltages from –0.2 V to +40 V, independent of the supply voltage. In addition, the input pins have an absolute maximum voltage of 42V.

The low input bias current of the INA186-Q1 permits the use of larger current-sense resistors, thus providing accurate current measurements in the microamp range. The low offset voltage of the zero-drift architecture extends the dynamic range of the current measurement. This feature allows for smaller sense resistors with lower power loss, while still providing accurate current measurements.

The INA186-Q1 operates from a single 1.7-V to 5.5-V power supply, and draws a maximum of 90 µA of supply current . Five fixed gain options are available: 25 V/V, 50 V/V, 100 V/V, 200 V/V, or 500 V/V. The device is specified over the operating temperature range of –40°C to +125°C, and offered in SC70, SOT-23 (5), and SOT-23 (8) packages. The SC70 and SOT-23 (DDF) packages supports bidirectional current measurement, whereas the SOT-23 (DBV) only supports current measurement in one direction.

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Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Data sheet INA186-Q1 AEC-Q100, 40-V, Bidirectional, High-Precision Current Sense Amplifier With picoamp IB and ENABLE datasheet (Rev. B) PDF | HTML 28 Mar 2022
Functional safety information INA186-Q1 Functional Safety FIT Rate, FMD and Pin FMA (Rev. A) PDF | HTML 05 Apr 2022
Application note Precision Current Measurements on High-Voltage Power-Supply Rails (Rev. E) PDF | HTML 30 Mar 2022
Application note 12-V Battery Monitoring in an Automotive Module (Rev. A) PDF | HTML 10 Mar 2022
Application note Using a PCB Copper Trace as a Current-Sense Shunt Resistor PDF | HTML 25 Jan 2022
Technical article Solving the multidecade current-measurement challenge in your 48-V BMS application 14 Jun 2021
Technical article How current-sense amplifiers monitor satellite health 08 Feb 2021
Circuit design Low-Drift, Low-Side, Bidirectional Current Sensing Circuit (Rev. A) PDF | HTML 02 Dec 2020
Technical article Dark-current measurement in automotive telematics applications 04 Mar 2020
Application note Evaluating Current Sensing Amplifiers in Body Control Modules Using Simulation 16 Dec 2019
Application note External current sense amps vs integrated onboard amplifiers for current sensing (Rev. B) 19 Feb 2019
Circuit design Low (microamp), high-side, current-sensing circuit with current-sensing amp 08 Jan 2019
Technical article A key to accurate system thermal management: monitoring both current flow and temperature 04 Oct 2018

Design & development

For additional terms or required resources, click any title below to view the detail page where available.

Evaluation board

INA186EVM — INA186 evaluation module

This is a small module with 5 completely independent boards that can be broken off by the user. Five identical boards (15A rating) can be used for the five device gain variants. Each board provides test points for VS, GND, OUT, and REF. Additionally, boards are compatible with 1206 to 0603 shunt (...)
Not available on TI.com
Simulation model

INA186 TINA-TI Reference Design (Rev. A)

SBOMAX9A.TSC (192 KB) - TINA-TI Reference Design
Simulation model

INA186 TINA-TI Spice Model (Rev. A)

SBOMAY0A.ZIP (58 KB) - TINA-TI Spice Model
Simulation model

INA186A2 PSpice Model

SBOMBA6.ZIP (30 KB) - PSpice Model
Simulation model

INA186A3 PSpice Model

SBOMBA7.ZIP (30 KB) - PSpice Model
Simulation model

INA186A4 PSpice Model

SBOMBA9.ZIP (30 KB) - PSpice Model
Simulation model

INA186A5 PSpice Model

SBOMBD1.ZIP (30 KB) - PSpice Model
Simulation model

INA186A1 PSpice Model

SBOMBE8.ZIP (29 KB) - PSpice Model
Simulation tool

PSPICE-FOR-TI — PSpice® for TI design and simulation tool

PSpice® for TI is a design and simulation environment that helps evaluate functionality of analog circuits. This full-featured, design and simulation suite uses an analog analysis engine from Cadence®. Available at no cost, PSpice for TI includes one of the largest model libraries in the (...)
Simulation tool

TINA-TI — SPICE-based analog simulation program

TINA-TI provides all the conventional DC, transient and frequency domain analysis of SPICE and much more. TINA has extensive post-processing capability that allows you to format results the way you want them. Virtual instruments allow you to select input waveforms and probe circuit nodes voltages (...)
User guide: PDF
Calculation tool

CS-AMPLIFIER-ERROR-TOOL — Current sense amplifier comparison and error tool

This Excel calculator provides a comparison between two and five of our standard current sense amplifiers, delivering a chart containing the basic parameters of each device. This calculator also takes system condition inputs from users such as common-mode voltage, supply voltage, shunt resistor (...)
Design tool

CIRCUIT060035 — Bidirectional current sensing with a window comparator circuit

This bidirectional current sensing solution uses a current-sense amplifier and a high-speed dual comparator with a rail-to-rail input common mode range to create over-current (OC) alert signals at the comparator outputs (OUTA and OUTB) if the input current (IG1) rises above 100 A or falls below (...)
Design tool

CIRCUIT060037 — Precision over-current latch circuit

This high-side, current sensing solution uses a current sense amplifier, a comparator with an integrated reference and a P-channel MOSFET to create an over-current latch circuit. When a load current greater than 200 mA is detected, the circuit disconnects the system from its power source. The (...)
Reference designs

TIDA-00302 — Current Shunt Monitor with Transient Robustness Reference Design

This high-side current shunt monitor is used to measure the voltage developed across a current-sensing resistor when current passes through it.

Additionally, an external protection circuit is implemented to provide surge and fast-transient protection and demonstrate the different immunity levels to (...)

Schematic: PDF
Package Pins Download
SC70 (DCK) 6 View options
SOT-23 (DBV) 5 View options
SOT-23-THIN (DDF) 8 View options

Ordering & quality

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  • Ongoing reliability monitoring

Support & training

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